Today in History

Today is Sunday, Aug. 18, the 230th day of 2019. There are 135 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On August 18, 1963, James Meredith became the first black student to graduate from the University of Mississippi.

On this date:

In 1587, Virginia Dare became the first child of English parents to be born in present-day America, on what is now Roanoke Island in North Carolina. (However, the Roanoke colony ended up mysteriously disappearing.)

In 1862, Dakota Indians began an uprising in Minnesota (the revolt was crushed by U.S. forces some six weeks later).

In 1894, Congress established the Bureau of Immigration.

In 1914, President Woodrow Wilson issued his Proclamation of Neutrality, aimed at keeping the United States out of World War I.

In 1920, the 19th Amendment to the Constitution, guaranteeing all American women’s right to vote, was ratified as Tennessee became the 36th state to approve it.

In 1969, the Woodstock Music and Art Fair in Bethel, New York, wound to a close after three nights with a mid-morning set by Jimi Hendrix.

In 1976, two U.S. Army officers were killed in Korea’s demilitarized zone as a group of North Korean soldiers wielding axes and metal pikes attacked U.S. and South Korean soldiers.

In 1983, Hurricane Alicia slammed into the Texas coast, leaving 21 dead and causing more than a billion dollars’ worth of damage.

In 1993, a judge in Sarasota, Fla., ruled that Kimberly Mays, the 14-year-old girl who had been switched at birth with another baby, need never again see her biological parents, Ernest and Regina Twigg, in accordance with her stated wishes. (However, Kimberly later moved in with the Twiggs.)

In 1995, Shannon Faulkner, who’d won a 2 1/2-year legal battle to become the first female cadet at The Citadel, quit the South Carolina military college after less than a week, most of it spent in the infirmary.

In 2004, in Athens, Paul Hamm won the men’s gymnastics all-around Olympic gold medal by the closest margin ever in the event; controversy followed after it was discovered a scoring error cost Yang Tae-young of South Korea the title.

In 2017, Steve Bannon, President Donald Trump’s top White House strategist, was forced out of his post by Trump; Bannon returned immediately as executive chairman to Breitbart News, which he led before joining Trump’s campaign.

Ten years ago: Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak (HOHS’-nee moo-BAH’-rahk), during his first visit to Washington in five years, offered lavish praise for President Barack Obama; for his part, Obama spoke of an “extraordinary opportunity” for making peace in the Middle East. Robert Novak, the combative TV and newspaper pundit, died in Washington, D.C., at 78. Former South Korean President and Nobel Peace laureate Kim Dae-jung (kihm day-joong) died in Seoul.

Five years ago: Missouri Gov. Jay Nixon ordered the National Guard to Ferguson, a suburb of St. Louis convulsed by protests over the fatal shooting of an unarmed black teen. Former Vermont U.S. Sen. James Jeffords, who in 2001 tipped control of the Senate when he quit the Republican Party to become an independent, died in Washington; he was 80. Don Pardo, 96, a durable radio and television announcer known for his introductions with a booming baritone on “Saturday Night Live” and other shows, died in Tucson, Arizona.

One year ago: Kofi Annan, the first black African to become United Nations secretary-general, died at the age of 80. Pakistan’s cricket-star-turned-politician Imran Khan was sworn in as the country’s prime minister despite protests by opposition parties, which accused the security services of intervening on his behalf in the July elections.

Today’s Birthdays: Former first lady Rosalynn Carter is 92. Movie director Roman Polanski is 86. Olympic gold medal decathlete Rafer Johnson is 84. Actor-director Robert Redford is 83. Actor Henry G. Sanders is 77. Actor-comedian Martin Mull is 76. Rhythm-and-blues singer Sarah Dash (LaBelle) is 74. Rock musician Dennis Elliott is 69. Country singer Jamie O’Hara is 69. Comedian Elayne Boosler is 67. Country singer Steve Wilkinson (The Wilkinsons) is 64. Actor Denis Leary is 62. Actress Madeleine Stowe is 61. Former Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner is 58. ABC News reporter Bob Woodruff is 58. The former president of Mexico, Felipe Calderon, is 57. Bluegrass musician Jimmy Mattingly is 57. Actor Adam Storke is 57. Actor Craig Bierko is 55. Rock singer-musician Zac Maloy (The Nixons) is 51. Rock singer and hip-hop artist Everlast is 50. Rapper Masta Killa (Wu-Tang Clan) is 50. Actor Christian Slater is 50. Actor Edward Norton is 50. Actor Malcolm-Jamal Warner is 49. Actress Kaitlin Olson is 44. Actor-writer-director Hadjii is 43. Rock musician Dirk Lance is 43. Actor-comedian Andy Samberg (TV: “Saturday Night Live”) is 41. Country musician Brad Tursi (Old Dominion) is 40. Actress Mika Boorem is 32. Actress Maia Mitchell is 26. Actress Madelaine Petsch is 25. Actress Parker McKenna Posey is 24.

Thought for Today: “The self-hatred that destroys is the waste of unfulfilled promise.” — Moss Hart, American playwright and director (1904-1961).