The common cold and the flu can often look alike, so how can you tell the difference?
Having a stuffy nose, sneezing and a sore throat are more indicative of a cold. Symptoms like fever, body aches, weakness and extreme exhaustion are rarely signs of a cold but are common indicators of the flu.
Getting vaccinated against the flu can help cut down on missed work and school, doctor’s visits, hospitalizations and even flu-related deaths. Most flu cases happen between late December and early March. While it’s best to get vaccinated before flu season, getting the vaccine now can still help protect you and your loved ones this flu season. Everyone six months and older needs a flu vaccine every year.
Though anyone can get the flu, more serious complications usually affect young children, pregnant women, people with certain chronic medical conditions and anyone age 65 and older.
Why kids need a flu vaccine
The flu is more dangerous to kids than the common cold. Every year millions of kids get sick with the flu; thousands are hospitalized from it and some even die from the flu.
Children younger than 5 and those with long-term health problems like asthma and diabetes are at high risk of flu-related complications. Those include pneumonia, bronchitis, and sinus and ear infections.
Stop the spread of cold and flu
Here’s how you can help stop the spread of cold and flu:
- Wash your hands with soap and water, scrubbing for at least 20 seconds.
- Use hand sanitizer if washing your hands isn’t an option.
- Wipe down or sanitize objects that are frequently touched, like doorknobs, remotes, phones and tablets.
- Cough or sneeze into a tissue or the inside of your elbow. Don’t reuse tissues; throw them away immediately after first use.
- If possible, avoid or limit contact with people who have a cold or the flu.
- Stay home if you feel sick to avoid giving your illness to others. You’ll also likely get better faster with rest.
Dr. Noel Sonnek is a family physician with Aspirus.