MADISON, Wis. (AP) — A bipartisan, $10 million package of more than a dozen bills designed to combat groundwater contamination in Wisconsin is slated for approval in the state Assembly on Tuesday.
The bills contain the recommendations from a water quality task force called by Assembly Speaker Robin Vos to address growing concerns about groundwater contamination in the state. There is increased tension between environmentalists and farmers over the contamination of wells, the spreading of manure, the growth of large animal confinement facilities and the use of fertilizers.
The measures up for approval Tuesday tackle the issue from several angles, including expanding conservation efforts, bolstering research and education efforts, and improving state laws and regulations.
Democrats generally support the plan, but argue Republicans aren’t doing enough to stop the groundwater pollution.
“This is the beginning, not the end,” Democratic Rep. Katrina Shankland, who served on the task force, said Tuesday.
More needs to be done to prevent contamination as well as cleaning up pollution, said Democratic state Rep. Chris Taylor, of Madison, during debate of the bills in the Legislature’s budget committee last week.
“We have got to be much more aggressive,” Taylor said. “We’ve got to stop the manure from running into people’s water in the first place and that is where (Republicans) have failed.”
She called the proposals “little baby steps.”
Republican Rep. Amy Loudenbeck, of Clinton, said the bills are a good start and more would be coming.
The proposals would create a new water policy office; increase the number of county conservation workers; increase grants for owners of wells contaminated with manure or fertilizer to rebuild or replace them; increase money to study water quality issues; add a state agriculture staff member focused on grazing techniques for livestock to allow grasses to replenish; and make grants available for farmers who grow crops that require less fertilizer.
Once approved by the Assembly, the bills will go to the Senate where it’s unclear how much support there is. Time is running out for the Senate to act. It was expected to be in session Wednesday and then just one day in March before adjourning for the session.
Any measures that pass both houses must be signed into law by Democratic Gov. Tony Evers, who has made improving water quality a priority.
Under Evers, the state Department of Natural Resources has started studying water quality in southwestern Wisconsin, educating residents about the dangers of lead poisoning, creating restrictions on manure and fertilizer in areas prone to groundwater pollution and is developing standards for pollutants found in industrial products known as PFAS. They are also known as “forever chemicals” because they don’t break down naturally and can accumulate in the body. Studies have shown the chemicals can increase the risk of cancer, weaken the immune system and affect cholesterol levels, childhood behavior and the ability to get pregnant.
One bill up for passage creates a state-run program to more quickly collect and dispose of firefighting foam, one of the sources of PFAS.