Troy Bickham, Texas A&M University

Mas Cov Me Nyuam yog cov koob rau cov menyuam ntawm txhua lub hnub nyoog. Yog tias koj muaj lus nug koj xav tau tus kws tshaj lij kom teb, xa rau foomxog@@conconversation.com.


Vim li cas qaib ntxhw thiaj dhau los ua lub teb chaws Thanksgiving mus-rau tais? Gianna, hnub nyoog 10 xyoo, Phoenix, Arizona


Koj puas tau xav tias yog vim li cas Thanksgiving revolves nyob ib ncig ntawm qaib ntxhw thiab tsis yog nqaij npua, nqaij qaib, venison, nqaij nyuj los yog pob kws?

Yuav luag 9 nyob rau hauv 10 Cov neeg Amelikas noj qaib ntxhw thaum lub caij noj mov no, txawm tias nws yog ci, kib, kib, los yog ua noj ua lwm yam rau lub sijhawm.

Tej zaum koj yuav ntseeg tias nws yog vim li cas cov Pilgrims, ib xyoos tom qab lawv tsaws hauv lub xeev Massachusetts, thiab lawv cov Cov neeg nyob hauv paus txawm Wampanoag noj thaum lawv thawj zaug ua kev zoo siab rau xyoo 1621. Los yog vim li ntawd Qaib ntxhw yog Ameslikas los ntawm Tebchaws Meskas.

Tab sis nws muaj ntau yam ua rau cov neeg Amelikas tau saib cov hnub so thaum xyoo 1800s lig tshaj li cov nqaij qaib cov Pilgrims noj thaum ua kev zoo siab rau lawv cov nyiaj tau los hauv 1621.

Ob tug neeg hnav ris tsho zoo li Pilgrims zaum saum tus qaib ntxhw loj ntab uas hnav lub kaus mom Pilgrim.
Ib tug loj Pilgrim-themed qaib ntxhw ntab yog ib qho kev sib tw hauv New York lub xyoo Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade. Hiroko Masuike / Getty Dluab

Puas yog lawv tsis noj?

cov tsuas yog xub xub sau tseg ntawm yam uas cov Pilgrims noj ntawm thawj lub koob tsheej ua tsaug los ntawm Edward Winslow. Nws tau sau tseg tias tus thawj coj Wampanoag, Massasoit, tuaj txog nrog 90 tus txiv neej, thiab ob lub zej zog noj mov ua ke rau peb hnub.

Winslow tau sau me ntsis txog cov ntawv qhia zaub mov, ib yam li hais txog tsib tus mos lwj uas Wampanoag coj thiab cov pluas noj suav nrog "fowle," uas tuaj yeem yog cov noog qus nyob hauv cheeb tsam, suav nrog ducks, geese thiab qaib ntxhw.

Cov kws tshawb fawb keeb kwm paub tias cov khoom xyaw tseem ceeb ntawm cov tais diav niaj hnub no tsis muaj nyob rau thawj hnub Thanksgiving.

Qhov ntawd suav nrog qos yaj ywm thiab taum ntsuab. Qhov yuav tsis muaj cov hmoov nplej thiab cov tsis muaj qab zib Nyob rau hauv New England thaum lub sij hawm txiav txim tawm taub dag ncuav qab zib thiab cranberry sauce. Qee hom squash, ib qho tseem ceeb ntawm Native American noj zaub mov, yuav luag tau txais kev pab, nrog pob kws thiab cov ntses.

Ib txoj kev sawv rov los

Cov keeb kwm zoo li kuv uas tau kawm txog keeb kwm ntawm cov zaub mov tau pom tias feem ntau niaj hnub Thanksgiving kab lig kev cai pib nyob rau hauv nruab nrab-19th caug xyoo, ntau tshaj ob centuries tom qab lub Pilgrims 'thawj sau ua koob tsheej.

Lub reinvention ntawm lub Pilgrims 'kev ua koob tsheej raws li ib tug lub teb chaws hnub caiv yog loj ua hauj lwm ntawm Sarah Hale. Yug hauv New Hampshire xyoo 1784, thaum nws yog ib tug poj ntsuam hluas nws tau luam tawm paj huam kom khwv tau nyiaj. Qhov tshwj xeeb tshaj yog, nws tau sau cov nkauj hu ua "Mary Muaj Me Nyuam Yaj. "

Ib tug poj niam hnav khaub ncaws raws li ib tug colonial-era settles grabs ib tug qaib ntxhw nyob.
Qaib ntxhw yog lub hauv paus tseem ceeb ntawm kev ua noj ua haus hauv Asmeskas, suav nrog rau sab qab teb - raws li Yorktown, Virginia, keeb kwm reenactment qhia. Jeff Greenberg / Universal Duab Pawg ntawm Getty Dluab

Xyoo 1837, Hale tau los ua tus editor ntawm cov ntawv xov xwm nrov Godey's Lady Phau Ntawv. Kev ntseeg nruj heev thiab tsom ntsoov rau tsev neeg, nws tau tawm tsam rau kev tsim lub teb chaws hnub so txhua xyoo ntawm "Thanksgiving and Praise" ua kev nco txog Pilgrims 'kev ua koob tsheej ua tsaug.

Hale thiab nws cov npoj yaig leaned rau 1621 lore rau keeb kwm kev ncaj ncees. Zoo li ntau ntawm nws lub sijhawm, nws xav tias Pilgrims noj qaib ntxhw ntawm lawv thawj lub rooj noj mov vim yog abundance ntawm edible turkeys nyob rau hauv New England.

Qhov kev sib tw no tau siv sijhawm ntau xyoo, ib nrab vim tsis muaj kev txaus siab ntawm cov neeg dawb Southerners. Ntau tus ntawm lawv tau txiav txim siab kev ua koob tsheej ua ntej ntawm Virginia colonists nyob rau hauv kev hwm ntawm cov nkoj xa khoom tuaj txog ntawm Jamestown xyoo 1610 los ua qhov tseem ceeb dua ua ntej.

cov tsis muaj cov neeg Southerners ua haujlwm hauv Congress thaum lub sij hawm Civil War enabled Thawj Tswj Hwm Abraham Lincoln tshaj tawm Thanksgiving ib lub teb chaws hnub so hauv 1863.

Qaib ntxhw kev lag luam phiaj xwm

Godey's, nrog rau lwm cov xov xwm, tau txais cov hnub so, ntim lawv cov nplooj ntawv nrog cov zaub mov txawv los ntawm New England thiab cov ntawv qhia zaub mov uas muaj cov qaib ntxhw.

"Peb twv tau hais tias feem ntau ntawm Thanksgiving yuav ua raws li kev txaus siab ntawm kev noj zaub mov," Georgia lub Augusta Chronicle kwv yees xyoo 1882. "Txhua tus neeg uas muaj peev xwm them taus qaib ntxhw lossis tau txais nws yuav txi cov noog uas muaj koob muaj npe nyob rau hnub no."

Ib daim duab piav qhia txog kev ua koob tsheej qub, ib txwm ua Thanksgiving tsev neeg noj mov
Qaib ntxhw yog tswv yim, picturesque thiab kuj pheej yig. Office of War Information ntawm Wikimedia

Ib qho laj thawj rau qhov no: Ib qho qaib ntxhw roasted ua ib qho kev ua koob tsheej zoo tshaj plaws.

Ib qho thib ob yog cov qaib ntxhw kuj tseem siv tau rau kev pabcuam rau cov neeg coob coob. Qaib ntxhw loj dua lwm cov noog uas tau tsa los yog yos hav zoov rau lawv cov nqaij, thiab nws yog pheej yig dua los tsim qaib ntxhw dua nyuj lossis npua. Cov noog tus cwj pwm coj cov neeg nyob sab Europe los koom nrog qaib ntxhw rau hauv lawv cov zaub mov tom qab lawv colonization ntawm Asmeskas. Hauv tebchaws Askiv, huab tais henry vii tsis tu ncua nyiam qaib ntxhw nyob rau Christmas hnub ib puas xyoo ua ntej Pilgrims lub tsiab peb caug.

Christmas kev sib txuas

Tus noog cemented nws txoj hauj lwm raws li tus nyiam Christmas tais hauv tebchaws Askiv nyob rau nruab nrab-19th caug xyoo.

Ib qho laj thawj rau qhov no yog tias Ebenezer Scrooge hauv Charles Dickens 'A Christmas Carol' nrhiav kev txhiv dim los ntawm kev hloov cov neeg pluag Cratchit tsev neeg lub meager goose nrog qaib ntxhw loj.

Tshaj tawm xyoo 1843, Dickens 'kev muag khoom zoo tshaj plaws ntawm kev thov Vajtswv tsev neeg yuav sai sai no. txhawb nqa Hale lub tswv yim Thanksgiving.

Txawm hais tias cov ntaub ntawv keeb kwm tsis zoo, kuv xav tias nws muaj peev xwm tias cov Pilgrims noj qaib ntxhw hauv 1621. Nws yeej tau ua kev zoo siab hauv New England. thoob plaws lub sij hawm colonial.


Nyob zoo, xav paub cov menyuam yaus! Koj puas muaj lus nug uas koj xav tau tus kws tshaj lij kom teb? Hais kom ib tus neeg laus xa koj cov lus nug Xav paubKidsUS@theconversation.comCov. Thov qhia koj lub npe, hnub nyoog thiab lub nroog koj nyob.

Troy Bickham, Xib fwb ntawm Keeb Kwm, Texas A&M University

Tsab ntawv xov xwm no tau muab tshaj tawm los ntawm lub sib tham raws li Tsab Ntawv Tso Cai Muab Tso Cai. Nyeem qhov thawj tsab xov xwm.