Crews from the Bayfield County Highway Department placed the posts and installed one of the two dual-language signs at the Red Cliff’s tribal boundaries Nov. 3. Photo courtesy Wisconsin Department of Transportation.

The Wisconsin Department of Transportation is working with the state’s federally recognized tribal governments to update signs on state highways signifying the tribal boundaries in both English and native language renditions of the tribe’s name.

Wisconsin’s first dual-language sign was unveiled Nov. 3 in Bayfield County in partnership with the Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa. The 8.5-by-4.5-foot sign features the tribal seal followed by the tribe’s name in its native language – Gaa-Miskwaabikaang, the English version and population of the tribal lands.

“We are excited to work with our tribal partners on a project where everyday infrastructure such as traffic signs can have a dual purpose as an educational tool,” WisDOT Secretary Craig Thompson said in a news release. “Traffic signage is always about signifying a sense of place. In Wisconsin’s tribal communities, there is no more specific way to define where you are than in their native language used to define the landscape so long ago.”

Gaa-Miskwaabikaang – pronounced ga-misk-wah-be-kong – means the place where there is red rock cliffs.

“We are truly honored to be the first of the 11 federally recognized tribes in the state of Wisconsin to have the dual-language signs,”  Red Cliff Chairman Christopher Boyd said in the release. “They incorporate our language into state signage, and those signs will identify to the general public that travel our area they are entering the boundaries of our reservation.”

Wisconsin’s dual-language signs are similar to those seen near tribal areas in several other states. The new program for state highway signs is the latest development from a nearly 20-year partnership agreement among state and federal governments with the state’s federally recognized tribal communities.

The signs cost on average $350 to $400, including design, fabrication and installation, and are funded through two basic means:

  • Replacement of current signs through the standard sign replacement processes.
  • Application for funding through the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer’s program, federal money that comes to WisDOT specifically for historic and cultural preservation of indigenous lands.

All of Wisconsin’s federally recognized tribal communities are encouraged to apply for the dual-language sign program. For more information: